A Dívida Ecológica

O que é a dívida ecológica? Qual a sua relação com uma dívida externa ilegítima do Sul? De que forma a apropriação desigual dos recursos e o neocolonialismo actual conduzem a um ciclo de empobrecimento e de degradação ecológica nos países do Sul?

O conceito de dívida ecológica aplica-se à dívida acumulada pelos países do Norte correspondente à expropriação de recursos, comércio (financeiramente e ecologicamente) desigual, destruição ambiental e ocupação de espaço ambiental. Esta apropriação de recursos naturais não só degrada a natureza, como viola os direitos humanos e destrói os modos de vida e a sustentabilidade dos povos nos países do Sul. Os conceitos de dívida ecológica e justiça ambiental são extremamente poderosos e permitem analisar as relações Norte-Sul sob novas dimensões, dentro do contexto das sociedades ecologicamente sustentáveis.

Alguns dos principais problemas que estão na origem da dívida ecológica incluem:

  • Bioprospecção e biopirataria

  • Dívida do carbono

  • Transporte e exportação de resíduos

  • Extracção de minerais e combustíveis fósseis

  • Passivos ambientais


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